Coronavirus Live Updates: C.D.C. Reopening Guidelines Rejected as White House Seeks Revisions


The C.D.C. ready detailed options for reopening. The White Dwelling rejected them, asking for revisions.

The Trump administration has rejected detailed options from correctly being consultants to assist faculties, consuming areas, church buildings and completely completely different institutions safely reopen, saying they’re too prescriptive, in accordance with quite a few administration officers.

The White Dwelling has requested for revisions from the Providers for Illness Administration and Prevention, whose public correctly being consultants wrote the steering, nonetheless some officers on the C.D.C. have privately expressed concern that the suggestions won’t ever be posted publicly.

In a senior workers assembly on the White Dwelling closing week, Mark Meadows, the chief of workers, expressed concern that the foundations have been “overly prescriptive,” in accordance with an individual aware of the dialogue. Mr. Meadows’ concern, the official mentioned, was that the foundations have been too uniform and regressive for locations with minimal numbers of conditions.

President Trump has been determined to reopen the nation shortly amid the worst financial meltdown provided that Good Despair. The detailed C.D.C. steering was seen by members of the White Dwelling coronavirus course of drive and completely completely different aides as a doc which will decelerate that effort, in accordance with quite a few of us with information of the deliberations contained throughout the West Wing. The dissension on the foundations was first reported by The Related Press,

The steering, which the C.D.C. first submitted to the White Dwelling in draft type two weeks before now, was meant to assist states, native governments and companies undertake measures which can assist preserve the virus from spreading as rapidly as they reopened. Nonetheless quite a few federal corporations, together with the Division of Labor and the Workplace of Civil Rights contained within the Division of Successfully being and Human Firms, protested, saying it’ll be dangerous to companies and the financial system and too prescriptive for homes of worship significantly, a federal official mentioned.

In additional than half of the states which could possibly be easing restrictions, case counts are trending upward, optimistic look at outcomes are on the rise, or each, elevating factors amongst public correctly being consultants.

One completely different three.2 million of us filed for first-time unemployment advantages closing week, inside the newest proof of the financial devastation from the pandemic.

The U.S. authorities report launched Thursday brings your entire tally over seven weeks to greater than 33 million. The weekly numbers have declined since reaching a peak of 6.9 million claims in late March. Nonetheless the data stays lovely: Officers in some states say greater than 1 / 4 of the work drive is jobless.

Economists depend on the month-to-month jobs report from the Labor Division, due Friday, to degree out that the unemployment price in April was 15 p.c or larger, a Despair-era stage. The resolve will nearly undoubtedly understate the harm.

The present financial image is, in a phrase, bleak. Nonetheless even in the long run, many economists warn, the outlook is way from promising, and the temporary rebound that Mr. Trump predicts could not materialize.

“We don’t know what frequent goes to seem like,” mentioned Martha Gimbel, an economist and a labor market educated at Schmidt Futures, a philanthropic initiative.

The decline has been so sudden and so widespread, and prospects are so frightened, that the freeway as soon as extra to the financial system of 2019 appears further like a slog than a leap.

A mannequin new evaluation supplies a glimmer of hope contained in the grim battle in opposition to the coronavirus: Almost everybody who has had the illness — no matter age, intercourse or severity of sickness — ultimately makes antibodies to the virus.

Antibodies are immune molecules produced by the physique to battle pathogens. Typically these proteins confer safety in opposition to the invader.

The mannequin new evaluation furthermore eased a niggling fear that just some of us — solely these which have been severely unwell, for example — may make antibodies. In exact fact, the extent of antibodies didn’t differ by age or intercourse, the researchers discovered, and even individuals who had solely mild indicators produced a healthful quantity.

The mannequin new evaluation relied on an antibody look at developed by Florian Krammer, a virologist on the Icahn College of Drugs at Mount Sinai in New York, that has a lower than 1 p.c probability of false-positives.

At first, exams confirmed that solely 511 had sturdy antibody ranges; 42 had low ranges, and 71 had none. When 64 of these with weak or no ranges acquired proper right here as soon as extra greater than every week later, nonetheless, all nonetheless three had a minimal of some antibodies.

Meaning the timing of testing for antibodies can vastly influence the outcomes, the researchers mentioned.

Consultants mentioned the following step might very nicely be to substantiate that the presence of antibodies interprets to safety from the virus.

“The query now turns into to what extent these are neutralizing antibodies and whether or not or not or not that results in safety from an an an infection — all of which we should always always presume are sure,” mentioned Sean Whelan, a virologist at Washington College in St. Louis.

In earlier work, Dr. Krammer’s group has discovered that in just a few dozen of us, together with some who had mild indicators, the extent of antibodies matched the extent of neutralizing prepare.

So everybody who makes antibodies is additional extra prone to have some immunity to the virus, Dr. Krammer mentioned. The reply to how extended immunity lasts, nonetheless, will come solely by following these victims over time.

Gov. Greg Abbott of Texas gave a Dallas salon proprietor who was jailed for reopening her enterprise and violating lockdown orders the equal of a “get-out-of-jail-free” card on Thursday — modifying his govt orders on the matter to take away confinement as a punishment.

A decide sentenced Ms. Luther on Tuesday to every week in jail and a pleasing of a minimal of $three,500, and she or he shortly grew to alter right into a model of conservative outrage over state lockdowns and stay-at-home orders. Armed protesters rallied exterior the salon in current days, and former Gov. Sarah Palin of Alaska paid a go to to degree out her assist.

Mr. Abbott, who’s scheduled to fulfill with the president on the White Dwelling on Thursday, mentioned in an announcement that he was eliminating confinement as a punishment for violating the supervisor orders, and doing so retroactively so the shift would apply to Ms. Luther’s sentencing.

The state’s Republican leaders have been battling on many fronts with the Democrats who run Dallas County. Ms. Luther was seen as a conservative hero defying overzealous Democratic-leaning officers. The lieutenant governor of Texas, Dan Patrick, went as far as to supply to endure accommodate arrest to assist free her.

If the decide “must substitute me for her, and sentence me to seven days of dwelling arrest so she’s going to have the flexibility to return to work, that’s good,” Mr. Patrick urged reporters on Wednesday. “I’m good to take her place in dwelling arrest. I merely don’t assume she should be going to jail.”

The White Dwelling invitations a bunch of World Battle II veterans — all older than 95 — for a commemoration occasion.

The White Dwelling has invited eight World Battle II veterans — every older than 95 and a part of the age group most in danger throughout the event that they contract Covid-19 — to participate in a photo-op Friday morning on the White Dwelling and an occasion on the battle memorial to rejoice the 75th anniversary of Victory Day, Michael D. Shear analysis.

The occasion, which has not nonetheless been publicized, accommodates a chance for the eight males to take photos on the White Dwelling with the secretaries of security and state, the primary woman Melania Trump and the president, in accordance with a schedule of occasions ready by the Best Generations Basis, which organized the occasion.

The schedule says the lads will most likely be examined ahead of they enter the White Dwelling grounds. The group is then anticipated to journey contained in the president’s motorcade to the memorial for a ceremony ahead of departing Washington afterward Friday.

The occasion has raised questions on whether or not or not or not the celebration is placing the lads in peril by asking them to doubtlessly expose themselves to the virus at a time when the capital and far of the remainder of the nation preserve beneath orders to limit nonessential journey.

“I actually really feel its very irresponsible to have the last word remaining World Battle II veterans journey all by the nation to take all by a world pandemic,” mentioned Alex Melikian, the granddaughter of Sgt. Gregory Melikian, age 97, one amongst many eight males who will most likely be assembly the president on Friday.

“Folks over the age of 80 have among the finest probability of passing away from this. If he get it, this may occasionally often very correctly be the best,” she mentioned of her grandfather, who was a radio operator who labored for Frequent Dwight D. Eisenhower by the battle. “I do know it’s his option to go, nonetheless it’s irresponsible to even have an occasion like this inside the primary place.”

The go to will come solely a day after the White Dwelling confirmed navy aide who works on the White Dwelling just lately examined optimistic, elevating questions on whether or not or not or not the president and others who’ve been doubtlessly uncovered should be self-quarantined to confirm they don’t unfold the virus additional. The White Dwelling mentioned that the “president and the vp have since examined detrimental for the virus they typically preserve in good correctly being.”

White Dwelling officers mentioned the muse had expressed curiosity quite a few weeks before now about collaborating in any celebration of the victory over German forces in Europe and approached the White Dwelling about being a part of no matter Mr. Trump did to mark the event. The muse chosen the veterans who’re collaborating contained in the occasion, officers mentioned, along with that the White Dwelling was taking precautions to maintain the veterans, the president and others secure.

“Depart it to the media to query eight courageous battle heroes for turning right into a member of the President of the US on the Nation’s World Battle II Memorial on the 75th Anniversary of V-E Day,” mentioned Judd Deere, a White Dwelling spokesman. “As youthful males, these heroes stared evil contained in the eyes and liberated nation — no pandemic will cease them from turning right into a member of their commander in chief for this momentous event.”

Nonetheless Ms. Melikian mentioned she continues to be involved that her grandfather couldn’t survive if he contracts the illness and is scared that he may carry it as soon as extra to the household when he returns to Arizona. “When he comes as soon as extra, he might cross it alongside to my grandma,” she mentioned. “He’s 95. He shouldn’t be leaving his dwelling. ”

Sergeant Melikian is one among eight males collaborating contained in the celebration. The others embrace: Tech Sgt. Steven Melinikoff, 100, of the Military’s 175th Infantry Regiment; Sgt. Man Whidden, 97, of the 101st Airborne Division; Pvt. Harold Angle, 97, of the 112th Infantry Regiment; Frank Devita, 96, a Coast Guard coxswain; Sgt. Donald Halverson, 97, of the 168th Infantry Regiment; Pvt. John Coates, 96, a wrestle medic for the 82nd Airborne Division; and Staff Sgt. Wilbur J. Myers, 97, of the 62nd Tank Destroyer Battalion.

Their troubled state was years contained in the making. A number of years of possession by non-public fairness and completely completely different non-public funding companies left many nursing properties with staggering funds and razor-thin margins, whereas rivals from house care attendants and assisted-living services additional gutted their enterprise. Even so, loads of their owners nonetheless discovered ingenious methods to wring earnings out of them, in accordance with an evaluation of federal and state data by Matthew Goldstein, Jessica Silver-Greenberg and Robert Gebeloff of The New York Occasions.

In loads of conditions, patrons created new corporations to carry the exact property property due to the buildings have been further priceless than the companies themselves, notably with fewer nursing properties being constructed. Normally, patrons would purchase a nursing house from an operator solely to lease as soon as extra the growing and worth the operator hefty administration and consulting bills. Retailers furthermore pushed nursing properties to purchase ambulance transports, medicine, ventilators and completely completely different suppliers or merchandise at above-market bills from completely completely different corporations they owned.

These methods paid off handsomely for patrons, nonetheless they pressured nursing properties to scrimp on fine quality. As an illustration, for-profit nursing properties — roughly 70 p.c of the nation’s 15,400 nursing properties and usually owned by non-public patrons — disproportionately lag behind their nonprofit counterparts all by a broad array of measures for prime quality, The Occasions discovered. Furthermore, they’re cited for violations at a better price than nonprofit services.

The toll of placing earnings first began to degree out when the outbreak started. No nursing house may very correctly be completely ready for a pandemic as devastating as Covid-19, nonetheless some for-profit properties have been notably unwell outfitted and understaffed, which undercut their expertise to include the unfold of the coronavirus, in accordance with interviews with greater than a dozen nursing house staff and elder-care attorneys.

Latinos in loads of locations are contracting the coronavirus at considerably larger bills than the inhabitants as an entire.

The disparities seem most important in states which have comparatively newer and less-established Hispanic communities. In Oregon, Washington state, Iowa and Utah, for example, Latinos have been getting sick at bills greater than double their share of inhabitants, in accordance with official data.

State officers and public correctly being consultants say many are weak because of related parts which have made minorities in danger all by the nation, together with a heavy illustration in low-paying service jobs that require them to work all by the pandemic, with frequent contact with most people. Many furthermore bear from lack of correctly being care, which furthermore contributes to greater bills of diabetes and completely completely different circumstances which can worsen infections.

Now, officers in some locations fear that these disparities might develop better because of the annual harvest season begins this month and seasonal farmworkers flood into states already seeing giant variations in an an an infection bills. In Oregon, officers are scrambling to enact far-ranging modifications to work pointers and dwelling circumstances for migrant staff, fearing that with out them the virus might sweep by way of the 160,000 staff who typically toil contained in the fields, eat, and bunk all in proximity.

In Latino communities with an extended historic earlier, like New Mexico, Arizona, Texas and California, the variations are narrower, a minimal of in accordance with the official data reported by the states. Consultants say one set off is that locations with further established Latino communities have a wider spectrum and middle-class households with further wealth, who can make money working from home or reap some great benefits of varied alternatives for weathering the pandemic.

Information Kevin McCarthy of California, the minority chief, launched on Thursday that Republicans will take part in a particular oversight committee created by Democrats to take a look on the Trump administration’s response to the coronavirus pandemic, concurrently he denounced it as an try and assault Mr. Trump. “Whereas Democrats may use this to take one completely different stab at impeachment 2.zero,” Mr. McCarthy mentioned, “Republicans will preserve dedicated to fact and transparency.”

He named Information Steve Scalise of Louisiana, the No. 2 Republican, to function the rating member, alongside Information Jim Jordan of Ohio, an ardent supporter of the president; Information Mark Inexperienced of Tennessee, a nicely being care provider; Information Blaine Luetkemeyer of Missouri, and Information Jackie Walorski of Indiana.

Mr. Scalise indicated that he would use his perch on the panel to push Mr. Trump’s narrative concerning the pandemic, which blames China for its unfold and claims that his administration response has been exemplary. In an announcement, Mr. Scalise mentioned that he consider to current consideration to “holding China accountable for hiding the reality concerning the virus from the world, serving to confirm the success of essential help effort in American historic earlier, and offering clear and quick steering on safely reopen our financial system.”

Mr. Trump has branded the panel, which is able to scrutinize the spending of trillions of in federal cash to answer the pandemic, as a “witch hunt” in opposition to him. On Tuesday, he dismissed the Democrat-led Dwelling as “a bunch of Trump-haters” that was rooting for him to fail in his efforts to wrestle the virus, suggesting that he would solely bear oversight requests by the Republican-led Senate.

Mr. McCarthy furthermore launched that he would appoint lawmakers to a Republican-led course of drive to probe China’s dealing with of the coronavirus. It’s unclear if Democrats will take part, as Mr. McCarthy mentioned a earlier try and create a bipartisan model of the committee fell aside. The change comes as Republicans an rising variety of rely on a way centered on pinning blame for the pandemic on China in an effort to rebut criticism of how Mr. Trump has responded.

Mr. McCarthy mentioned the panel might very nicely be led by longtime China hawks together with Information Michael McCaul of Texas, the perfect Republican on the Worldwide Affairs Committee, and Information Liz Cheney of Wyoming.

“Hopefully that acquired’t be the case,” Mr. Trump mentioned on Wednesday when requested if deaths would rise resulting from reopening, nonetheless he added, “It’d very accurately be the case.”

“Nonetheless we now should get our nation open as quickly as additional,” he continued. “Folks wish to return, and as well as you’re going to have an issue should you don’t do it.”

A U.S. service member who works on the White Dwelling examined optimistic for the virus.

On Thursday, the White Dwelling mentioned U.S. service member who works “on the White Dwelling campus” has examined optimistic for the coronavirus.

“We have been just lately notified by the White Dwelling Medical Unit member of the US Navy, who works on the White Dwelling campus, has examined optimistic for coronavirus,” White Dwelling spokesman Hogan Gidley mentioned in an announcement. “The president and the vp have since examined detrimental for the virus they typically preserve in good correctly being.”

Before a go to to Arizona on Tuesday, Mr. Trump mentioned he was unconcerned concerning the correctly being dangers of touring due to people spherical him, together with members of his Secret Service element, are examined typically.

California expects a $54 billion deficit and 18 p.c unemployment because of the virus ravages financial system.

The pandemic has plunged California correct proper right into a fiscal gap of historic proportions, state finance officers mentioned Thursday, projecting an 18 p.c unemployment price by way of subsequent summer season season and a staggering $54.three billion state price range deficit.

The evaluation launched by the California Division of Finance, which advises Gov. Gavin Newsom, reversed earlier projections of file reserves and a $5.6 billion surplus and bought proper right here because of the state reels from a collapsing financial system, the nation’s fifth-highest virus demise toll and the tactic of a doubtlessly devastating fireplace season.

Unemployment, it mentioned, will greater than quadruple from the three.9 p.c price California boasted firstly of the 12 months, and tax revenues will most likely be $41.2 billion lower than initially forecast.

Funds, throughout the meantime, are about to soar, the division mentioned, with the pandemic alone anticipated so as in order so as to add some $13 billion in unplanned state spending for the state’s virus response and elevated caseloads for welfare and Medi-Cal, the state’s model of Medicaid.

Mr. Newsom, who’s revising his January price range proposal for the Legislature’s consideration, has already warned that his new priorities will most likely be restricted to homelessness, wildfire and the virus, the state’s three most quick crises.

“The COVID-19 pandemic has precipitated giant hardship for households, companies and governments the world over, the US, and California,” the forecast mentioned. “It has endangered correctly being, confused the correctly being care system, and precipitated devastating losses in household and enterprise earnings.”

The substitute, analysts wrote, “underscores the need of additional federal stimulus.”

Neiman Marcus recordsdata for chapter safety.

The United Nations on Thursday greater than tripled the scale of its humanitarian help attraction to assist primarily primarily probably the most weak nations threatened by the pandemic to $6.7 billion, from the $2 billion initially sought merely six weeks before now.

The large enlargement of the attraction, launched by Mark Lowcock, the perfect humanitarian help official on the United Nations, mirrored what he described as an up to date worldwide plan that choices 9 further nations deemed notably weak: Benin, Djibouti, Liberia, Mozambique, Pakistan, the Philippines, Sierra Leone, Togo and Zimbabwe.

Whereas the height of the pandemic contained in the poorest nations shouldn’t be anticipated till someplace between three and 6 months from now, “there may be already proof of incomes plummeting and jobs disappearing, meals provides failing and costs hovering, and children lacking vaccinations and meals,” the United Nations mentioned in an announcement.

“Until we take motion now, we should be ready for an infinite rise in battle, starvation and poverty,” Mr. Lowcock, who heads the United Nations Workplace for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, mentioned. He added that “the specter of quite a few famines” loomed if the assistance fell transient.

Even because of the 193-member group launched the mannequin new function for humanitarian fund-raising, it was nonetheless going by challenges in fulfilling the sooner $2 billion operate set by the secretary common, António Guterres, on March 25. About $1 billion has been raised.

That cash, the United Nations mentioned, has gone to funding for hand-washing stations in weak areas akin to refugee camps, the distribution of gloves and masks, and the instructing of upper than 1.7 million of us, together with correctly being staff, on virus identification and safety measures.

Mr. Lowcock’s workplace projected just lately that the long-term price of defending primarily primarily probably the most weak 10 p.c of individuals on the earth from the worst impacts of the pandemic was roughly $90 billion. That quantity is identical as about 1 p.c of the present financial stimulus packages launched by the world’s most prosperous nations.

The nation’s cities are peppered with locations very like Botanical Heights, the St. Louis neighborhood as rapidly as acknowledged principally as a spot to purchase unlawful medicine nonetheless further just lately for its restaurant improve.

Earlier this 12 months, chances are high you may stand contained in the car parking zone of Olio, the Italian kitchen that acquired proper right here first, and see a French pastry retailer, a Mexican place and a mannequin new omakase restaurant that has already acquired nationwide consideration.

“Consuming areas are terribly priceless to cities,” mentioned Andrew Salkin, a founding principal of Resilient Cities Catalyst, a nonprofit centered on strengthening cities. “The advantage of having good consuming areas outweighs merely their tax advantages. They’re the anchors of communities.”

The hazard going by consuming areas, which thrive on crowded rooms and get by on razor-thin margins, poses a particular menace to small cities and large cities the place a sturdy meals customized performs an outsize function contained in the financial system.

In locations that had been hollowed out by poverty and suburban flight, like elements of Indianapolis, Cleveland and Detroit, they’re engines of enchancment. In a number of cities with a nationwide repute for good meals that’s out of proportion to their inhabitants, like Windfall, R.I., or Asheville, N.C., consuming is each a vacationer attraction and a key a part of their id.

Already, restaurant closures have broken metropolis economies in methods which could possibly be nonetheless being calculated. Of the 701,000 nonfarm jobs misplaced throughout the US in March, practically 60 p.c acquired proper right here from meals suppliers and ingesting locations, in accordance with the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

For just a few years, exhibiting up on a voter’s doorstep has been certainly one of many vital dependable methods to get of us to the polls. Now political events and candidates that put tens of tons of and tons of of into instructing and deploying door titties are grappling with expensive, consequential and imminent alternate options about whether or not or not or not they need to even put money into typical brick-and-mortar infrastructure that powers such operations.

Campaigns face a dilemma, concurrently they positioned on a contented face about their transitions to a pressured, all-digital actuality all by a pandemic: Spend cash now on areas of labor, laptop computer packages, clipboards and coaching for typical canvassers which will sit idle in October, or don’t make investments and hazard falling behind on an area operation (if door knocking does develop to be smart).

For now, campaigns at each stage are dashing to fill the breach with digital functions that nobody has ever relied on like this — or examined at such a scale.

“Campaigns don’t want a mannequin new ‘Plan B’ for house. They want a mannequin new ‘Plan A’ due to door-to-door canvassing shouldn’t be going to occur at scale contained in the 2020 election,” mentioned Becky Bond, a Democratic strategist who labored on Beto O’Rourke’s 2018 Senate promoting and advertising and marketing advertising and marketing marketing campaign and focuses on rising house functions that use expertise.

Or, as Ari Rabin-Havt, deputy promoting and advertising and marketing advertising and marketing marketing campaign supervisor for Bernie Sanders’s 2020 promoting and advertising and marketing advertising and marketing marketing campaign, put it, “Even when there are official pronouncements of the nation opening as soon as extra up as quickly as additional, are of us going to open the door for strangers at their homes?”

In sure parks, “Merely the configuration of the park lends itself to overcrowding,” he mentioned. “We’re going to’t let that occur and we now must restrict the variety of of us getting into into.”

The mayor that the hassle would take some “experimentation.” He didn’t make clear which parks may very correctly be coated by the mannequin new pointers, nonetheless mentioned further particulars might very nicely be launched on Friday.

The mayor furthermore mentioned that New York Metropolis will current 140,000 free antibody exams to New Yorkers who wish to know if they’ve been uncovered. The initiative follows the town’s current closing week of 140,000 antibody exams to correctly being care staff and completely completely different front-line responders.

The mannequin new spherical of testing will most likely be equipped at testing web pages in plenty of of the neighborhoods hit hardest by the virus. A hotline telephone quantity for making appointments will most likely be launched on Friday, the mayor mentioned. Different will most likely be given to of us contained in the affected neighborhoods.

Furthermore on Thursday, Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo of New York mentioned on that antibody exams of 27,000 staff at 25 hospitals and completely completely different services discovered that 12 p.c of the correctly being care staff primarily based in New York Metropolis had the antibodies. Exams of buyers at metropolis supermarkets discovered a lot larger bills — practically 20 p.c, he mentioned. The governor attributed the counterintuitive findings to the truth that correctly being care staff adopted protocols on utilizing masks, gloves and sanitizer further intently than frequent residents did.

He furthermore mentioned that he would lengthen the moratorium on evictions over unpaid lease one completely different 60 days, till August 20, and that the state would ban the issuing of any late bills for lease that went unpaid by the disaster. He added that safety deposits may very correctly be used to pay lease bills.

Mr. Cuomo mentioned that 231 further of us had died contained in the state. That quantity has been all nonetheless flat for 4 consecutive days.

Bored? Take a craft journey as soon as extra to the 1800s.

Contained in the midst of quarantine, flower urgent, pure dyeing and completely completely different typical actions have made a comeback. Listed below are some “new” old-timey duties to attempt:

Alter to the information from our worldwide correspondents.

In India, a gasoline leak that poisoned loads of may need resulted from the push to reopen a chemical plant after weeks of lockdown.

Reporting was contributed by Alan Blinder, Eileen Sullivan, Michael Cooper, Abby Goodnough, Apoorva Mandavilli, Miriam Jordan, Richard A. Oppel Jr., Benedict Carey, James Glanz, Keith Collins, Lauren Leatherby, Ben Casselman, Jennifer Steinhauer, Pete Wells, Manny Fernandez, David Montgomery, Jonah Engel Bromwich, Andy Newman, Marc Santora, Patricia Cohen, Tiffany Hsu, Shawn Hubler, Peter Baker, Carl Zimmer, Rick Gladstone, Karen Crouse, Matthew Futterman, Tariq Panja, Nicholas Fandos, Emily Badger, Alicia Parlapiano, Michael D. Shear and Maggie Haberman.



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